Hunched backs, back pain, and frailty used to be things older women had to accept before doctors knew anything more about osteoporosis. Now, there are steps women and girls can take to avoid such problems.
Osteoporosis threatens 44 million Americans, of which 68% are women, reports the National Osteoporosis Foundation.
"Osteoporosis is largely preventable," says Mark. "The behaviors that women develop in their childhood, in their adolescence, and in their early adult years really play a significant role in the development of the disease."
That's because bodies build up most of bone mass until age 30. Then new bone stops forming and the focus is on maintenance of old bone.
It is never too late to keep bones strong and avoid fractures.
"Your body will do what it can to repair bone damage, but you have to provide the tools for it, such as adequate calcium consumption and weight-bearing physical activity," says Mark.
Risk factors for osteoporosis include:
Small, thin-boned frame
Ethnicity. White and Asian women have the greatest risk.
Sex hormones. Infrequent menstrual cycles and estrogen loss due to menopause may increase risk.
Diet low in calcium and vitamin D
Medication use, particularly glucocorticoids or some anticonvulsants
Article Credit: http://www.webmd.com/women/features/5-top-female-health-concern?page=2